Hands Mouth Feet disease is typical in children under the age of 5. The virus can also present itself in adulthood, but obviously with much milder and, at times, even non-existent symptoms. In our country, this disease occurs mainly in the spring and winter months . Let’s now see how to recognize this disease and if it is possible to prevent it.
Hands Mouth Feet what is it?
Hands Mouth Feet disease is an exanthematous viral infection that occurs with a rash localized right in the hands, feet and mouth areas. In most cases, it resolves spontaneously and the only risk that the child incurs may be related to the discomfort experienced in ingesting food and liquids, which could lead to dehydration . Symptoms first appear after an incubation of about a week and transmission can occur via faeces, saliva or contaminated surfaces. A greeting, a sneeze or a cough could lead to the infection, which is maximum in the first week of illness. For this reason it is important that the infected person isolates himself and does not come into contact with other people until complete recovery. Once you get this disease you become immune.
Hands Mouth Feet Symptoms
The first symptoms to recognize the disease can be:
1.discomfort from the child in the throat and mouth area
3.rash, characterized by reddish specks – localized on the hands, feet, mouth and rarely the buttocks and genitals
In some cases, they can also present themselves:
lack of appetite
The rash, which turns into greyish vesicles, disappears on its own in about 7-10 days. The baby, as already mentioned, is very contagious in the first week, but attention must still be paid to the feces, which are infected for about a month. It will take about 40 days to consider the baby completely healed.
Hands Mouth Feet Diagnosis
In most cases, the pediatrician will confirm the diagnosis of the disease after examining the child and checking the reactions on the skin , but in some cases it may be necessary to resort to culture on a sample of stool or swab / nasopharyngeal aspirate.
There is no therapy for the cure of this disease. Always, after hearing the pediatrician, you can give the child some paracetamol to give him some relief from the pain and discomfort caused by fever, sore throat and ulcers. In addition, it is advisable to offer the child some liquid and cold drinks (such as yogurt) that are easy to swallow.
Hands Mouth Feet in adults
This disease is not limited only to the little ones, but adults, if they have not already contracted it, can also be infected. Although in their case the symptoms are milder and, in most cases, they are asymptomatic. However, even in their case, the course is the same as the child, albeit with faster recovery times.
How to prevent Hands Mouth Feet
There is no vaccine to prevent Hands Mouth Feet, so the only way to stop the infection is to respect hygiene rules . Especially when you go to nurseries and kindergartens, where children often share games and some, given their tender age, even bring them to the mouth.